Offering a wide variety of foods helps babies get all the nutrients they need, and learn about different foods.
At six months, offer solid foods two to three times per day.
By nine months, increase solid foods to three or four times per day.
Continue to breastfeed throughout the day whenever your baby is hungry. Between the ages of six and nine months, breastfeed before you offer solid foods. After nine months, offer solid foods and then breastfeed.
Choose foods from each of the four food groups of Canada’s Food Guide at every meal. Here are some daily food suggestions for babies, aged six to 12 months:
Milk and Alternatives
- Breast milk (breastfeed according to your baby’s hunger and fullness cues).
- Breast milk.
- Small amounts of whole milk may be offered once your baby is nine to 12 months old and eating a variety of solid foods that are high in iron. Start with small sips in a lidless cup and only serve whole milk at meal or snack time.
- Introduce milk products - such as yogurt, cottage cheese and pasteurized cheese.
- Single grain iron fortified infant cereal. Start with about 5 ml (1 tsp.) and increase to 60–125 ml (4–8 tbsp. per meal).
- Your baby can quickly progress to rice, pasta, “oat ring” cereals, noodles and unsalted crackers.
- Iron fortified infant cereal: about 125 ml (1/2 cup) or more.
- Whole grain toast, pasta, rice.
- Small pieces of bannock, tortillas, roti.
Vegetables and Fruit
At 6 months give your baby foods with different textures. He may not need pureed foods. Start with soft, mashed or minced food. He will quickly be able to have soft foods, chopped into small chunks or pieces.
Start with small amounts and progress to 60–125 ml (4–8 tbsp.) of vegetables and fruit at a time.
Try cooked, mashed vegetables (potatoes, yams, squash, carrots). Progress to small pieces quickly.
Offer soft fruit (banana, kiwi) and cooked hard fruit (apples, pears).
Give fruit instead of juice. Children do not need juice. If you give juice, choose 100% unsweetened juice and offer it in a cup as part of a meal or snack. Limit to no more than 125 ml (1/2 cup) of juice a day.
- Soft fruits and vegetables: about 125–250 ml (1/2–1 cup) mashed or cut in small pieces.
- Small pieces of cooked vegetables (potato, yam, squash, carrots).
- Soft fruit (banana, kiwi) and cooked or small pieces of hard fruit (apples, pears).
- Juice is not necessary. If you give juice, choose 100% unsweetened juice and offer it in a cup as part of a meal or snack. Limit to no more than 125 ml (1/2 cup) of juice a day.
Meat and Alternatives
- Fully cooked, finely minced meat, poultry, fish (remove bones)
- Mashed cooked eggs, tofu, legumes (beans and lentils).
- By nine months, aim for 100–125 ml (6–8 tbsp.).
- Fully cooked, minced or small pieces of meat, poultry, fish (remove bones), cooked eggs, tofu, legumes: about 100–125 ml (6–8 tbsp.).